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Activating Prior Knowledge
Previewing and Using Text Structure
Setting a Purpose for Reading
Adjusting the Rate of Reading
Predicting Ideas and Events
Using Imagery
Using Cueing Systems Effectively
Employ Vocabulary Techniques
Connect Text to Experience
Monitor Comprehension
Check for Understanding
Teaching Reading Strategies
More Reading Strategies
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Teaching Reading Strategies

Curriculum Strategies for Reading

Teaching Reading Strategies

Providing effective instruction in reading strategies follows the same sequence found in models of effective instruction, such as:

  • Basing initial instruction on more than one piece of evidence of need.
  • Providing direct instruction of sufficient length and duration to provide opportunities for developing competence and automaticity.
  • Appropriate modeling of the skill or strategy.
  • Providing opportunities for guided and independent practice.
  • Providing positive feedback as students produce closer approximations to the desired behavior.
  • Opportunities to employ the newly learned skills.
  • Providing periodic reviews and extensions.

In addition, strategy instruction is also enhanced when students are:

  • Shown how the strategies can be combined, for example; how previewing the text can help students set a purpose and select a pace for reading
  • Given opportunities to practice strategies with a variety of text
  • Shown how strategies can be used for in and out-of-school reading



U.S. Department of Education Star Schools Program